Summary of the Violence Against Women Act
Compliance Requirements of the VAWA amendments to the Clery Act
The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) amendments to the Clery Act expand the rights afforded to campus survivors of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking.
It also details the role of law enforcement, the types of crime mandated for reporting, and stipulates the need for violence prevention programming.
Full VAWA Text
Law Enforcement Jurisdiction
Institutions must have a policy statement that addresses the jurisdiction of security personnel. It must also note any outstanding agreement(s), such as memoranda of understanding with local or state police, regarding the investigation of alleged criminal offenses.
Expanded Crime Reporting
Colleges and universities must provide data regarding incidents of sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking. Institutions must also include policy statements specific to these crimes in their annual security report. These policy statements must outline the procedures an institution will follow after an incident of sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, or stalking, and identify rights and options available to survivors.
Institutions must put into place prevention programs that aim to stop crimes outlined in the Clery Act before they occur. These programs should promote positive behaviors that foster healthy, mutually-respectful relationships and sexuality, encourage safe bystander intervention tactics, and seek to change behavior and social norms in safe, healthy directions.
The annual security report must address how the college or university completes Clery Act public recordkeeping and data-sharing without including identifying information about the survivor, and while keeping any accommodations or protective measures confidential.
Institutions must share data on incidents of hate crimes within their Clery-reportable geography. The VAWA amendments added gender identity and national origin to the categories of bias institutions must reflect within their statistics.